The present day area or territory of Sabah was formed with the signing of a treaty between the
Austrian Consul in Hong Kong and the Sultan of Brunei in 1877 and with the lease in perpetuity
agreement with the Sultan of Sulu in 1878. The signing of these treaty and agreement by 1878
means that all regions of Sabah are now officially under the control of the European. The
European later called this land as North Borneo.
The Austrian later hand over the control of North Borneo to the British in 1883. From this
period onwards, North Borneo was under the rule of the British until 1963 (except from 1942
to 1945 when it was under the Japanese occupation during the Second World War). Sabah gained
its independence by joining with Sarawak, Singapore and Malaya to form Malaysia in
16 September 1963. After independence, the name North Borneo was changed to Sabah.
Today, Sabah is the second largest state in Malaysia, which is located on the northern part of
the beautiful island of Borneo. Sabah shares the island of Borneo with Sarawak, Brunei, and
Kalimantan (which is part of Indonesia). The administration of modern day Sabah can be divided
into five zone or division, namely the West Coast Division where Kota Kinabalu is located,
Sandakan Division, Tawau Division, Kudat Division and the Interior Division.